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surplus 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage Collins Definition
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surpluses, plural;
  1. More than what is needed or used; excess
    • - make the most of your surplus cash
  2. Denoting a store selling excess or out-of-date military equipment or clothing
    • - she had picked up her boots in an army surplus store
  1. An amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply over demand
    • - exports of food surpluses
  2. An excess of income or assets over expenditure or liabilities in a given period, typically a fiscal year
    • - a trade surplus of $1.4 billion
  3. The excess value of a company's assets over the face value of its stock

  1. excess: a quantity much larger than is needed
  2. excess: more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ...
  3. The term surplus is used in economics for several related quantities. The consumer surplus (sometimes named consumer's surplus or consumers' surplus) is the amount that consumers benefit by being able to purchase a product for a price that is less than the most that they would be willing to pay. ...
  4. "The Surplus" is the tenth episode of the fifth season of the television series The Office, and the show's eighty-second episode overall. The episode aired in the United States on December 4, 2008 on NBC.
  5. That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus; Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government; The remainder of a fund appropriated for a particular purpose; assets ...
  6. (Surpluses) The amount by which resources as expressed by the supply model exceed needs as expressed by the demand model.
  7. The amount by which assets exceed liabilities.
  8. Excess firm energy available from a utility or region for which there is no market at the established rates.
  9. Amount by which available funds exceed spending during a fiscal year.
  10. The profit in many social enterprise organisations is referred to as surplus, to reflect their 'not-for-profit' status.
  11. Any property which is not needed by any department within Carnegie Mellon.
  12. The dollar amount remaining after company operation expenses. Surplus typically grows from underwriting gain and investment income. Surplus is diminished if payout on claims (insured losses) exceeds premiums collected. ...
  13. The remainder after an insurer’s liabilities are subtracted from its assets. The financial cushion that protects policyholders in case of unexpectedly high claims. (See Capital; Risk-based capital)
  14. When export values are greater than import values for a given time period.
  15. The excess of production over the human and material resources used up in the process of production. In simple societies there was often little if any surplus since the production from hunting and gathering was entirely used up in subsistence. ...
  16. the amount by which your income exceeds your spending (opposite of deficit)
  17. The amount by which available supplies are greater than the quantity that will bring producers an adequate income. A surplus may be due to production outrunning demand, a decline in consumption, or a general decline in consumer income or buying power. ...
  18. In a fisheries sense, the number of fish in excess of those needed to maintain a population at some level.
  19. Land: Land not necessary to support the highest and best use of the existing improvement but, because of physical limitations, building placement, or neighborhood norms, cannot be sold off separately. ...
  20. In the balance of payments, or in any category of international transactions within it, the surplus is the sum of credits minus the sum of debits. Also called simply the "balance" for that category. ...
  21. if a pension plan's assets exceed the plan's liabilities, the difference is called a surplus.
  22. 1. Capital surplus, the stockholders' equity in a corporation in excess of par or stated value of capital stock. Or 2. earned surplus or retained earnings/profit reflecting the accumulated net income less dividend distributions. Or 3. sometime used as a short form of government budget surplus.
  23. Refers to thin foundation used for cut comb honey.
  24. The amount by which the government's revenues exceed outlays in a given period.
  25. Votes that a candidate receives in excess of the quota. They are distributed to other candidates according to the further preferences indicated on the ballot papers by those voters.