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reified 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage Collins Definition
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reified, past participle; reifies, 3rd person singular present; reifying, present participle; reified, past tense;
  1. Make (something abstract) more concrete or real
    • - these instincts are, in humans, reified as verbal constructs

  1. (reification) hypostatization: regarding something abstract as a material thing
  2. (reification) depersonalization: representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality; "according to Marx, treating labor as a commodity exemplified the reification of the individual"
  3. (reify) consider an abstract concept to be real
  4. (Reification (fallacy)) Reification (also known as hypostatisation, concretism, or the fallacy of misplaced concreteness) is a fallacy of ambiguity, when an abstraction (abstract belief or hypothetical construct) is treated as if it were a concrete, real event, or physical entity. ...
  5. (Reification (knowledge representation)) Reification in knowledge representation involves the representation of factual assertions, that are referred to by other assertions; which might then be manipulated in some way. e.g. ...
  6. (Reification (linguistics)) Reification in natural language processing refers to where a natural language statement is transformed so actions and events in it become quantifiable variables. For example "John chased the duck furiously" can be transformed into something like
  7. (Reification (Marxism)) Reification (Verdinglichung, literally: "making [some idea] into a thing" (from Latin "res" meaning "thing") or Versachlichung, literally "objectification" or regarding something as a separate business matter) is the consideration of an abstraction, relation or object as ...
  8. (Reification (object-oriented programming)) Reification is a process through which a computable/addressable object--a resource--is created in a system, as a proxy for a non computable/addressable object. ...
  9. (Reification (statistics)) In statistics, reification is the use of an idealized model of a statistical process. The model is then used to make inferences connecting model results, which imperfectly represent the actual process, with experimental observations.
  10. (Reification (of a statement)) (There is some debate whether multiple reifications of a statement are necessarily equivalent.)
  11. (Reification) Alienated workers undergo a process of reification as they are regarded not as human beings but rather as ‘hands’ or ‘the labor force.’ People become things.
  12. (Reification) The false identification of a person or dynamic as a static, material “thing” existing independent of human will or agency, exempt from ever-changing dialectical relationships of forces. (Thanks to Owen Williamson in his Political Affairs article)
  13. (Reification) The relationship between Hidden Taxonomy and the Upper Taxonomy is reified by community participation, both in the creation of the Upper Taxonomy and in guidance imposed on hidden processes by active user community feedback. ...
  14. (Reification) To refify an entity is to ``make a thing'' out of it (from Latin re for thing). From a logical point of view, things are what variables can range over. Logical AI needs to reify hopes, intentions and ``things wrong with the boat''. ...
  15. (reification) In marxist theory, reification refers to the process of depersonalisation and alienation which capitalism induces.
  16. (reification) To reify something is to create a CYC® FORT corresponding to that thing, or in other words, it is to add a thing that denotes it to Cyc's knowledge base. ...
  17. (reification) Treating people as objects (but may also involve regarding objects as having agency).
  18. (reification) to treat an abstract or metaphorical concept as if it were an underlying stable unit of reality, for example to treat love-sickness as a disease or to treat the abstract concept of "color" as something existing apart from any colored object. return
  19. Reification is the process by which something is turned into something that is believed to be real. For example, a theory is reified when it is believed to be objective truth. ...