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ratify 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage Collins Definition
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ratifying, present participle; ratified, past tense; ratifies, 3rd person singular present; ratified, past participle;
  1. Sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid

  1. sign: approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation; "All parties ratified the peace treaty"; "Have you signed your contract yet?"
  2. (ratification) making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it; "the ratification of the treaty"; "confirmation of the appointment"
  3. (ratified) formally approved and invested with legal authority
  4. Ratification is the approval by the principal of an act of its agent where the agent lacked authority to legally bind the principal. The term applies to private contract law, international treaties, and constitutionals in federations such as the United States and Canada.
  5. To give formal consent to; make officially valid
  6. (ratification) the act or process of ratifying, or the state of being ratified; a formal declaration of agreement to a treaty etc
  7. (Ratification) The process used by an agency's contracting officers to approve and legitimize an otherwise proper contract made by an individual without contracting authority.
  8. (Ratification) Formal approval, often by a Parliament or other national legislature, of a convention, protocol, or treaty, enabling a country to become a Party. Ratification is a separate process that occurs after a country has signed an agreement. ...
  9. (Ratification) The act approving an amendment to the United States Constitution.
  10. (Ratification) Formal approval of a newly negotiated agreement by vote of the union members affected.
  11. (ratification) Confirmation; approval. In the case of ratification of a contract made by an agent, the contract must be made on behalf of the principal; the principal must be competent at the time of the contract; there should have been an act capable of ratification.
  12. (ratification) [JP 1-02] (DoD) The declaration by which a nation formally accepts with or without reservation the content of a standardization agreement. See also implementation; reservation; subscription.
  13. (Ratification) A formal approval from your partner that you can modify the house, furniture and appliances in any way necessary to provide a safe, fun environment for free ranging rats.
  14. (Ratification) A legal instrument deposited with the Director-General of UNESCO, affirming a State’s or regional economic integration organization’s consent to be bound by this Convention. ...
  15. (Ratification) Affirming a prior act which was not legally binding; the affirmation gives the act legal effect. Occurs when an unauthorized agent acts, and the principal later affirms the action, giving authority retroactively.
  16. (Ratification) An act of formal approval given to terms negotiated in collective bargaining by the union members who have the authority to make the final decision of acceptance or rejection. ...
  17. (Ratification) Approval of a treaty, convention or other document by competent bodies, thereby securing a State's commitment to it.
  18. (Ratification) Follows signature and indicates a state’s acceptance of a treaty and agreement to be bound by it.
  19. (Ratification) L. Latin ratificare, to confirm: ratus, settled; facere, to make. Acceptance or adoption of an act performed by another as agent or representative; in particular, confirmation of what has been done without original authority. See Negley v. Lindsay, 67 Pa. 228 (1870), cases. ...
  20. (Ratification) The act of formally approving something.
  21. (Ratification) The approval of an international agreement that has been negotiated, such as a trade agreement, by a country's governing body.
  22. (Ratification) giving authority to an act that has already been done. A company general meeting resolution can ratify an act previously done by the directors; or a principal can choose to ratify the act of an agent that was beyond the specified power of the agent.
  23. (Ratification) the procedure in which union members vote to accept or reject a negotiated contract settlement.
  24. (Ratification) the process by which member states' parliaments confirm their country's acceptance of a treaty.
  25. (Ratification) when an International Treaty is ratified by the local Parliament in order to include it in the Local Legal System. The same thing happens when each local Parliament ratifies bilateral or multilateral agreements.