Online Google Dictionary

strain 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
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strained, past tense; strained, past participle; straining, present participle; strains, 3rd person singular present;
  1. Force (a part of one's body or oneself) to make a strenuous or unusually great effort
    • - I stopped and listened, straining my ears for any sound
  2. Injure (a limb, muscle, or organ) by overexerting it or twisting it awkwardly
    • - on cold days you are more likely to strain a muscle
    • - glare from the screen can strain your eyes
  3. Make a strenuous and continuous effort
    • - his voice was so quiet that I had to strain to hear it
  4. Make severe or excessive demands on
    • - he strained her tolerance to the limit
  5. Pull or push forcibly at something
    • - the bear strained at the chain around its neck
    • - his stomach was swollen, straining against the thin shirt
  6. Stretch (something) tightly
    • - the barbed wire fence was strained to posts six feet high
  7. Embrace (someone) tightly
    • - she strained the infant to her bosom again
  8. Pour (a mainly liquid substance) through a porous or perforated device or material in order to separate out any solid matter
    • - strain the custard into a bowl
  9. Cause liquid to drain off (food that has been boiled, soaked, or canned) by using such a device

  10. Drain off (liquid) in this way
    • - strain off the surplus fat
  1. A breed, stock, or variety of an animal or plant developed by breeding

  2. A natural or cultured variety of a microorganism with a distinct form, biochemistry, or virulence

  3. A particular tendency as part of a person's character
    • - there was a powerful strain of insanity on her mother's side of the family
  4. A variety of a particular abstract thing
    • - a strain of feminist thought

  1. (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action of applied forces
  2. strive: to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to hear"
  3. stress: difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson
  4. try: test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!"
  5. tune: a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she was humming an air from Beethoven"
  6. use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't strain your mind too much"
  7. In biology, a strain is a low-level taxonomic rank used in three related ways.
  8. In chemistry, a molecule experiences strain when its chemical structure undergoes some stress which raises its internal energy in comparison to a strain-free reference compound. The internal energy of a molecule consists of all the energy stored within it. ...
  9. In materials science, deformation is a change in the shape or size of an object due to an applied force. This can be a result of tensile (pulling) forces, compressive (pushing) forces, shear, bending or torsion (twisting). Deformation is often described as strain.
  10. A strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon in which the muscle fibers tear as a result of overstretching. Strains are also colloquially known as pulled muscles. The equivalent injury to a ligament is a sprain.
  11. A strain is a series of musical phrases that create a distinct melody of a piece. A strain is often referred to as a "section" of a musical piece. Often, a strain is repeated for the sake of instilling the melody clearly. This is so in ragtime and marches.
  12. Strain, or deformation, is the response of a sample of a solid material to an external or internal stress.
  13. Treasure; The blood-vessel in the yolk of an egg; Race; lineage, pedigree; Hereditary character, quality, or disposition; A tendency or disposition; Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, ...
  14. (Strains) Different forms of the sheep TSE scrapie have been isolated by transmission to mice. These strains cause variations in the incubation period and pattern of pathology observed in the infected animal. As yet no strains of CJD have been identified.
  15. (Strains) The strain refers to the original tribe of the desert that bred the foundation lines of these horses. Different tribes desired different looks and distinct types were created. ...
  16. (Strains) injuries to muscles or to tendons, the tough, fibrous bands that connect muscles to bones.
  17. (Strains) types or variants of species characterized by distinct patterns of genes or DNA sequences.
  18. (strains) Varieties of microorganisms.
  19. The percentage of elongation or compression of a material or portion of a material caused by an applied force.
  20. The deformation per unit length measured in the direction of the stress caused by forces acting on a member. Not the same as deflection.
  21. The amount of deformation the material experiences per unit of original length in response to stress.
  22. A group of related individuals created through selective breeding and that is genetically different from other strains of the same species.
  23. a partial or complete tear of a muscle or tendon.
  24. To pass a liquid or moist mixture through a colander, sieve or cheese cloth to remove solid particles.
  25. The intensity of deformation at a point in an object. See normal strain and shear strain.