Online Google Dictionary

refine 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
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refines, 3rd person singular present; refined, past participle; refined, past tense; refining, present participle;
  1. Remove impurities or unwanted elements from (a substance), typically as part of an industrial process
    • - sugar was refined by boiling it in huge iron vats
  2. Improve (something) by making small changes, in particular make (an idea, theory, or method) more subtle and accurate
    • - ease of access to computers has refined analysis and presentation of data

  1. polish: improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing"
  2. complicate: make more complex, intricate, or richer; "refine a design or pattern"
  3. treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition; "refine paper stock"; "refine pig iron"; "refine oil"
  4. reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities; "refine sugar"
  5. attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
  6. make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of; "refine a method of analysis"; "refine the constant in the equation"
  7. Refining (also called affining) is the process of purification of a (1) substance or a (2) form. The term is usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ...
  8. (Refinement (game theory)) In game theory, a solution concept is a formal rule for predicting how the game will be played. These predictions are called "solutions", and describe which strategies will be adopted by players, therefore predicting the result of the game. ...
  9. (Refinement (topology)) In mathematics, a cover of a set X is a collection of sets such that X is a subset of the union of sets in the collection. Formally, if
  10. (Refining (metallurgy)) Refining (as in non-metallurgical uses) consists of purifying an impure material, in this case a metal. ...
  11. (refined) Showing or having good feelings or good taste; An absence of coarseness; Not vulgar; Without impurities
  12. (refinement) The act, or the result of refining; the removal of impurities, or a purified material; High-class style; cultivation; A fine or subtle distinction
  13. (Refined) Used to describe wines of high quality and balance.
  14. (REFINED) Term for well-balanced wines. Mostly refers to reds, such as Zinfandel, which normally turn "powerful" in the barrel. Almost a synonym for "elegant".
  15. (Refined) Biophysical or chemical alteration of raw material. In regard to food, it means that components are removed in order to preserve them, destroying their holistic structure and energy/information/consciousness content.
  16. (refined) (or complete) Bouguer anomaly (usual abbreviation ΔgB): the DTM is considered as accurate as possible, using a standard density of 2.67 g/cm³ (granite, limestone). Bouguer anomalies are ideal for geophysics because they show the effects of different rock densities in the subsurface. ...
  17. (refined) refers to breads and cereals in which the fibrous bran and germ are removed from the grain by machinery. Refined cereals and breads (such as white bread and pasta) are, thus, less healthy than non-refined cereals and breads.
  18. (refinement) A relationship that represents the fuller specification of something that has already been specified at a certain level of detail. For example, a design class is a refinement of an analysis class.
  19. (Refinement) The addition of details to a component.
  20. (5) Refinement) If your website did not make the grade (is not ranking yet) then you can always (1) wait for all of the factors to settle a bit more and then re-evaluate the keyword saturation (2) build more content and shore up your main subject or subjects or (3) look for other sites with ...
  21. (Refinement) A cover K is a refinement of a cover L if every member of K is a subset of some member of L.
  22. (Refinement) Either a sharpening of the concept of strategic (or, Nash) equilibrium, or another criterion to discard implausible and to select plausible equilibria when a game exhibits multiple equilibria. ...
  23. (Refinement) Have a design that needs refinement? We will take a current design of yours and refine for better performance making it cost less and appeal more.
  24. (Refinement) Having bone and muscle in perfect proportion to size of dog; showing quality throughout; the opposite of coarse or overdone.
  25. (Refinement) The correction of relative values in Medicare's relative value scale that was initially set incorrectly.