Online Google Dictionary

certain 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
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Known for sure; established beyond doubt,
  1. Known for sure; established beyond doubt
    • - it's certain that more changes are in the offing
    • - she looks certain to win an Oscar
  2. Having complete conviction about something; confident
    • - are you absolutely certain about this?
    • - true and certain knowledge of the essence of existence
  3. Specific but not explicitly named or stated
    • - he raised certain personal problems with me
    • - the exercise was causing him a certain amount of pain
  4. Used when mentioning the name of someone not known to the reader or hearer
    • - a certain General Percy captured the town
  1. Some but not all
    • - certain of his works have been edited

  1. certain(a): definite but not specified or identified; "set aside a certain sum each week"; "to a certain degree"; "certain breeds do not make good pets"; "certain members have not paid their dues"; "a certain popular teacher"; "a certain Mrs. Jones"
  2. sealed: established irrevocably; "his fate is sealed"
  3. reliable in operation or effect; "a quick and certain remedy"; "a sure way to distinguish the two"; "wood dust is a sure sign of termites"
  4. exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance; "be certain to disconnect the iron when you are through"; "be sure to lock the doors"
  5. (certainly) surely: definitely or positively (`sure' is sometimes used informally for `surely'); "the results are surely encouraging"; "she certainly is a hard worker"; "it's going to be a good day for sure"; "they are coming, for certain"; "they thought he had been killed sure enough"; "he'll ...
  6. Sure, positive, not doubting; Having been determined but unspecified. The quality of some particular subject or object which is known by the speaker to have been specifically singled out among similar entities of its class
  7. (Certainly) many statistical models had emerged a long time ago. Machine learning has marked a milestone in the evolution of computer science. ...
  8. (Certainly) veveos or efharistos
  9. (certainly) adv ev serta ev serta
  10. (certainty) the feeling or belief that something is for true
  11. (certainty) An entity included in a sample with certainty has a selection probability of one.
  12. 'Certainty' is not defined in information theory. However, Claude Shannon apparently discovered that one can measure uncertainty. By implication, there is no measure for 'certainty'. The best one can have is a decrease of uncertainty, and this is Shannon's information measure. ...
  13. (Certainty) A state of mind in which no doubt exists about some cause-and-effect relationships. It is unethical to be certain about anything except the existence of our own thoughts and perceptions, which are not cause-and-effect relationships. ...
  14. (Certainty) According to Beccaria, a punishment must be certain to follow from the crime in order to be an effective deterrent. ...
  15. (Certainty) An event that is certain to happen in a probability experiment. Example:Drawing an odd number when selecting one number from a bag containing 6 slips of paper with the numbers 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 on them
  16. (Certainty) How to state your results because you can be certain about what you found.
  17. (Certainty) Precise knowledge of an economic variable, as opposed to belief that it could take on multiple values. Contrasts with uncertainty. One aspect of complete information.
  18. (Certainty) Situation in which there is absolutely no doubt about which event will occur, and there is only one state of nature with 100% probability attached.
  19. (Certainty) The degree to which we are sure that some result is significant; that is, not due to chance. The point of much statistical analysis is to separate out, from the random background noise of chance variation, any effects that are probably produced by other causes. ...
  20. (Certainty) a condition in which managers possess full knowledge of alternatives; have a high probability of these being available; can calculate the costs and benefits of each alternative; and have high predictability of outcomes.
  21. (Certainty) for any property R, if the reduced state W assigns probability 1 or probability 0 to R, then R is in the set of all possibly-possessed properties.
  22. (Certainty) in mediation, the parties are in control of their own destinies and any agreement reached has contractual force which can be enforced by the courts.
  23. (Certainty) means that the patient is told that they will receive treatment within the next six months and that the treatment date will be provided closer to the time.
  24. (certainty) A condition under which it is assumed that future values are known for sure and only one result is associated with an action.
  25. (certainty) A dimension of defensive communication climate that emphasizes a group member's belief that he or she has all the answers or knows in advance what another group member is going to say or do.